There are a number of unique values and properties that stainless steel has to offer and it is this reason because of which it is considered to be a powerful candidate while selecting materials. A number of people, however, overlook these properties and concentrate on the initial cost of stainless steel. However, in the long run, stainless steel is the best and most suitable option for coming up with solid and long lasting finished project.
What stainless steel is?
In laymen terms, it can be said that stainless steel is a low carbon steel and it contains 10% or more chromium by its weight. Chromium is added to give stainless steel its signature feature which is corrosion resisting properties.
The added Chromium facilitates the formation of adherent, invisible, rough, and corrosion resisting film of chromium oxide on the outer surface. This film is self-healing and can easily protect stainless steel even after getting chemically or mechanically damaged. The self-healing property of the chromium oxide works only and only in the presence of oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere. Some other elements such as nickel, molybdenum, and nitrogen enhance the properties of stainless steel. More than 60 grades of stainless steel are available out there in the market, but all the verities or grades of stainless steel can be classified into five classes.
Advantages of stainless steel
Resistant to corrosion
Lower alloyed stainless steel grade can tackle the problem of corrosion quite well in open atmosphere. As mentioned earlier, its capacity to resist corrosion works only if there is water in the environment. However, highly alloyed steels can get corroded via alkaline solutions, most of the acids and the chlorine-laden environment. So the application of stainless steel different grades depends widely on the environment where it will be used and its application for selecting according to strength. If you are in need of stainless steel in bulk then contacting stainless suppliers can work in your favor, you can look for stainless steel suppliers online or can visit their local offices.
Heat and fire resistance
High chromium and nickel-alloyed stainless steel grade can easily keep its strength and can avoid scaling even at high temperatures.
Strength to weight advantage
Austenitic grades have a better strength to weight ratio which makes it ideal for construction use.